puerto rico population

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puerto rico population

Religious breakdown in Puerto Rico (2010):[30]. Structure of the population (01.07.2012) (Estimates) (Data refer to projections based on the 2010 Population Census) : Source: UN World Population Prospects[14]. [27] A recent study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 800 individuals found that patrilineal input, as indicated by the Y-chromosome,[clarification needed] showed 66% of Puerto Ricans could trace their ancestry to male European ancestors, 18% could trace it to male African ancestors, and 16% could trace it to male Native American ancestors. European Jews and Romani, although of Asiatic Ancestry, were not affected by the Asiatic Barred Zone, as they held European Citizenship. white. Therefore, people of mixed ancestry with known white lineage were classified as white, the opposite of the "one-drop rule" in the United States. The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). This continued even as Puerto Rico's economy improved and its birth rate declined. Numbers generally reflect the city population, rather than the urban areas, municipality, or urban agglomeration. Puerto Rican Citizenship was created under the Foraker Act, Pub.L. Census data: ACS 2019 1-year unless noted. Puerto Rico’s population has been dwindling throughout the 21st century, and is now down to just about 3.2 million, according to the most recent U.S. Census data.. In the late 18th century, the number of African slaves began to dwindle on the island. This page provides - Puerto Rico Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Months after the destruction, roughly 40% were still living in these conditions due to lack of funding and aid. Puerto Ricans are not evenly distributed across the nation, however. 3,424.2 square miles 932.7 people per square mile. Puerto Rico’s population has been dwindling throughout the 21st century, and is now down to just about 3.2 million, according to the most recent U.S. Census data. ... Population with veteran status. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. Population. 29. [42][43] Puerto Rican converts to Islam continue to occur. [21], According to the 1920 Puerto Rico census, 2,505 individuals immigrated to Puerto Rico between 1910 and 1920. Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. Starting in the post-World War II period waves of Puerto Ricans moved to the continental United States, particularly to New York City; Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, and Camden, New Jersey; Providence, Rhode Island; Springfield; Hartford and New Haven, Connecticut; Boston, Massachusetts; Orlando, Miami and Tampa, Florida; Philadelphia and Reading, Pennsylvania; Washington, D.C., Chicago and Los Angeles, California. [33] One Pope, John Paul II, visited Puerto Rico in October 1984. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358. 2010. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico ’s population at 3,706,690. The study also found that, from the women sampled, 98% had European ancestry markers, 87% had African ancestry markers, 84% had Native American ancestry markers, 5% showed only African and European markers, 4% showed mostly Native American and European markers, 2% showed only African markers, and 2% showed mostly European markers.[29]. The Christian Denominational Breakdown was as follows in 2006:[31]. A landslide killed 129 people in 1985, and Hurricane George ravaged the area in 1998. The legal definition of Whiteness differed greatly from White Society's informal definition, thus Jews, Romani Peoples, Middle Eastern Peoples and those of the Indian Subcontinent were before 1917 classified as White for Immigration purposes but not considered White by the society at large. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Puerto Rico was estimated to be 3,658,607 people. During the same 10-year period, 7,873 Puerto Ricans emigrated to the U.S. Of these, 6,561 were listed as "white" on the U.S mainland census, 909 as "Spanish white" and 403 as "black". Although the vast majority of settlers came from Spain, Catholics from France, Ireland, Italy and other European countries were also granted land by Spain as one of the provisions of the Real Cédula de Gracias de 1815 (Royal Decree of Graces of 1815). Officially Puerto Rico is a religiously free commonwealth, but the majority of its population are Roman Catholic with 85% of its people claiming the faith. Rank. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. 3,725,789. The total population in Puerto Rico was estimated at 3.2 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. The Roman Catholic Church has been historically the most dominant religion of the majority of Puerto Ricans, with Puerto Rico having the first dioceses in the Americas. 951. The Puerto Rican population in Orange and Osceola counties surged in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria by a combined 12.5% last year, according … In particular, the Yoruba beliefs of Santería and/or Ifá, and the Kongo-derived Palo Mayombe (sometimes called an African belief system, but rather a way of Bantu lifestyle of Congo origin) find adherence among the few individuals who practice some form of African traditional religion. )[34], The CIA World Factbook however, reports that 85% of the population of Puerto Rico identifies as Roman Catholic, while 15% identify as Protestant and Other. Almost 3.2 million people live in Puerto Rico as of July 2018, showing a population decline of 14.3 percent since 2010. These immigrants were allowed to settle on the island, with a certain amount of free land and enslaved persons granted to them. [45] Islam was brought into Puerto Rico mainly via the Palestinian migration of the 1950s and '60s. Puerto Rico. 2,712,166 people. Regardless of the precise terminology, the census reported that the bulk of the Puerto Rican population was white from 1899 to 2000. 31. Although autosomal markers tests seem to draw a more broad picture than that of single, gender-based mtDNA and Y-Chromosome tests, the problem with autosomal DNA is in the archaic categories used: "European", "Sub-Saharan African", "East Asian" & "Native American". The United States won control of Puerto Rico from Spain in 1898; the first U.S. census taken there, in 1910, counted more than 1.1 million residents. In 1508, Juan Ponce de León f… The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,860,853. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. This survey was completed between October 2013 and February 2014. The current population of Puerto Rico in 2020 is 2,860,853, a 2.47% decline from 2019.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. Puerto Ricans (Spanish: Puertorriqueños ; or boricuas) are the people of Puerto Rico , the inhabitants, and citizens of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (a United States territory), and their descendants. All Topics Population Age and Sex Race and Hispanic Origin Population Characteristics Housing Families & Living Arrangements Computer and Internet Use Education Health Economy Transportation Income & Poverty Businesses Geography. The total population in Puerto Rico was estimated at 3.2 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Puerto Rico had a population of 2.4 million people. The remaining population is a combination of people without religion, spiritual people that practice Santeria from Cuba, and Jews, and Muslims. The information in this article was updated on June 25th, 2020. Thus under the Immigration Act of 1924 all Hispanics and Caribbeans could immigrate to the United States, but a White family from Poland or Russia could not immigrate. The British ban on slavery resulted in slave raids on Puerto Rico. Spanish men arrived on the island disproportionately to Spanish women; African and Taíno women would sometimes marry them, resulting in a mixed tri-racial ethnicity. Various African religious practices have been present since the arrival of enslaved Africans. [37] It was the first non-Roman Catholic Church in the entire Spanish Empire in the Americas. Population. Population of Puerto Rico: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. The current population of Puerto Rico in 2020 is 2,860,853, a 2.47% decline from 2019.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. [46] Thus, today there is a strong Palestinian presence among Muslims in Puerto Rico. Starting in about 1840, there have been attempts to create a quasi-indigenous Taíno identity in rural areas of Puerto Rico. San Juan is the most highly populated municipality and the capitalof Puerto Rico with a population of about 395,326 people. 56–191, 31 Stat. Manufacturing is the largest sector in Puerto Rico, producing pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, and electronics. "Asian" (South, North or East) & "North African" are not included. Puerto Rico. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. There are 2,340,474 adults in Puerto Rico. The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018. 77 but it wasn't until 1917 that Puerto Ricans were granted full American Citizenship under the Jones–Shafroth Act (Pub.L. Puerto Rico 2020 population is estimated at 2,860,853 people at mid year according to UN data. [51] In the 2010 U.S. census, 9,399 people are identified as "Taíno."[52]. All municipalities in Puerto Rico have at least one Catholic Church, most of which are located at the town center or "plaza". Mitchell. An Associated Press article in March 2014 stated that "more than 70 percent of whom identify themselves as Catholic" but provided no source for this information. Puerto Rico is home to a population of 3.2M people, from which N/A% are citizens. The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. In 2005 a fugitive rebel leader that was pro-independence, Filberto Ojeda Pios, was killed by US federal agents, and the way the US treated innocent civilians caused unrest on the island. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … Recent estimates say that there are about 5.8 million Puerto Ricans living in the States, compared with 3.2 million on the Island. Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 1M 2M 3M 4M. In terms of race, 75.8% of the population identifies as white, 12.4% of people are African American or black, and the remaining 8.5% of people are a combination of American Indian, Alaskan natives, Pacific Islanders, and mixes of all of the aforementioned. In 2017 Puerto Rico was forced to declare bankruptcy after being unable to repay debts. However, lack of Muslim education in the Island forces some Puerto Rican Muslims to migrate to the States. SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — New Census Bureau data shows Puerto Rico lost nearly 4 percent of its population after Hurricane Maria — the greatest population … The people of Puerto Rico are mostly from a combination of backgrounds including European colonization, slavery, Amerindian settlement, and economic migration. Hum Gen (2004) 115: 57–58 Available at: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, National Register of Historic Places listings in Puerto Rico, "Puerto Rico Population History, 1765–2000", https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/, "Puerto Rico Virtual Jewish History Tour", "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics", "Vital Statistics Rapid Release - State and National Provisional Counts", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals substanial [sic] Native American ancestry in Puerto Rico Human Biology – Find Articles". Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 3,193,694. The population of Puerto Rico in 2017 was 3,163,667, a 3.64% decline from 2016. Puerto Rico's economic boom of the 1950s attracted a considerable number of Jewish families from the U.S. mainland, who were joined after 1959 by an influx of Jewish emigres from Fidel Castro's Cuba.[7]. Puerto Rico is the only Caribbean island in which the Conservative, Reform and Orthodox Jewish movements are represented. There are many religious beliefs represented in the island with Christianity as the religion indicated by the majority in 2010. (It may have been using the 2010 Pew Research Center data. The Paseo de Diego sits empty in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, April 17, 2019. Sometime between 400 B.C. The current population of Puerto Rico is 2,831,765 as of Tuesday, November 17, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. Around A.D. 600, the Arawaks no longer lived on the island, perhaps because they had integrated with another culture or perhaps because they had been killed by illness. The first large group of Jews to settle in Puerto Rico were European refugees fleeing German–occupied Europe in the 1930s. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. For example, the Holy Trinity Anglican church in Ponce, was prevented from ringing its bell until 1898, when American troops landed there. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 2019. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. Education, high school graduate or higher:[54], Demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico. With 1,190,891 Puerto Rico residents, Florida has seen some real changes in its population. In November 2014, a Pew Research report, with the sub-title Widespread Change in a Historically Catholic Region, indicated that only 56% of Puerto Ricans were Catholic and that 33% were Protestant. The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table). Hurricane Maria in 2017 caused power outages over 90% of the area, in addition to destroying countless homes and causing widespread water contamination. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Puerto Rican Population in the States. Puerto Rico Community Survey;Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. The first dioceses in the Americas, including that of Puerto Rico, were authorized by Pope Julius II in 1511. [50][citation needed] This trend accelerated among the Puerto Rican community in the mainland United States in the 1960s. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of … Puerto Rico’s recent population downturn reverses a general pattern of growth on the island since at least the 1700s, as documented by Spanish and U.S. Census Bureau data. Losses started around the beginning of the island’s economic recession in 2006 and have continued since then. The Naturalization Act of 1870, passed during Reconstruction, allowed for peoples of African descent to become U.S. Citizens but it excluded other nonwhites. U.S. Immigration Policy was first restricted toward Chinese with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907 in which Japan voluntarily barred emigration to the United States and the Immigration Act of 1917 or the Asiatic Barred Zone which barred immigrants from all of the Middle East, the Steppes and the Orient, excluding the Philippines which was then a US Colony. [47], Puerto Rico is also home to the largest Jewish community in the Caribbean with 3,000 Jewish inhabitants. Neither a date or a source for that information is provided and may not be recent.[35]. [22], According to the 2015 Race and Hispanic Origin estimate (2011–2015 American Community Survey) published by the US Census Bureau, the data for Puerto Rico was as follows:[23], Puerto Ricans, on average, have genetic contributions from Europeans, West Africans, and Native Americans of approximately 66%, 18%, and 16%, respectively. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.34M to 3.2M, a -4.26% decrease and its median household income grew from $19,343 to $20,296, a 4.93% increase. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Christopher Columbus claimed the land that is now Puerto Rico as Spain's in 1493, and the Spanish began to settle the area roughly 15 years later. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … [48] Some Puerto Ricans have converted, not only as individuals but as entire families. Although the Jewish community is small, it is made up of three different forms: Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative. These generalized categories may not take into account the complexity of migratory patterns across the Old World. The two official languages in Puerto Rico are Spanish and English. An impressive 94% of the people living in Puerto Rico reside in or around a major metropolitan area. [38][39], In 2007, there were over 5,000 Muslims in Puerto Rico, representing about 0.13% of the population. [16], In the late 1700s, Puerto Rico had laws like the Regla del Sacar or Gracias al Sacar where a person of mixed ancestry could be considered legally white so long as they could prove that at least one person per generation in the last four generations had also been legally white. Unemployment has been increasing as a result and many citizens are leaving the island for the US mainland in hope for better opportunities. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. 3,193,694. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. "Recent genetic selection in the ancestral admixture of Puerto Ricans", "The Use of Mitochondrial DNA to Discover Pre-Columbian Migrations to the Caribbean: Results for Puerto Rico and Expectations for the Dominican Republic", "Catholic Church and Puerto Rico officials at odds in widening sex abuse investigation", "Religion in Puerto Rico – By Puerto Rico Channel", Institute of Islamic Information and Education: Number of Muslims and Percentage in Puerto Rico, Percent Puerto Rican population that are Muslims, "Saudi Aramco World : Muslims in the Caribbean", "The Jewish Palate: The Jews of Puerto Rico", "Taíno: Indigenous Caribbeans - Black History Month 2017", "American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes in the United States and Puerto Rico: 2010 (CPH-T-6)", "Population Estimates, Population Change, and Components of Change", "Central America and Caribbean :: PUERTO RICO", How Puerto Rico Became White: Racial analysis, 1930s Sterilization of One Third of Puerto Rican Women by the Chicago Women's Liberation Union, Puerto Ricans in the United States Space Program, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Puerto_Rico&oldid=991797344, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Articles with failed verification from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, American Indian and Alaska Native alone 11,775, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 129, Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,547,288, White alone, Not Hispanic or Latino 24,900, 7.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est. 64–368, 39 Stat. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 2019. Puerto Ricans were granted in 1917 by the Jones Act, and by 1947 they were beginning to be allowed to self-govern. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 1989. During the 19th century large numbers of immigrants from Spain, as well as numerous Spaniards living in former Spanish colonies in South America, also arrived in Puerto Rico (See Spanish immigration to Puerto Rico). The Spanish conquered the island, assuming government in 1508, colonized it, and assumed hegemony over the natives. Many slaves also escaped to neighboring islands. 443,679 people. In 1960 the census dropped the racial identification question for Puerto Rico but included it again in the year 2000. A strong European immigration wave and large importation of slaves from Africa helped increase the population of Puerto Rico sixfold during the 19th century. The Puerto Rico population has steadily declined over the last decade from 3.8 million people. Update to date information about population of Puerto Rico in 2020. SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO -- In Barrio Obrero Marina, a working class neighborhood of San Juan, the U.S. Census Bureau said that fewer than one in … The Act imposed immigration quotas on Europe, which allowed for easy immigration from Northern and Western Europe, but almost excluded the Mediterranean and Slavic Nations. It had a population of 347,052 as of 2016, which would rank it as the 46th largest city in the USA. 3,193,694 Population. ), This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 21:41. The negative growth rate of the population of Puerto Rico is expected to continue in the coming years as people continue to leave the country in substantial numbers and the birth rate remains low. In 2018, Puerto Rico had a population of 3.2M people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $20,296. and A.D. 100, the Arawak group of Amerindians inhabited Puerto Rico. The densely populated island of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean sea with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and rainforest covering 3,515 square miles (9,104 square kilometers) of area, which would rank it 169th in the world in terms of size. This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. Here, in order of Puerto Rican population, are the States with the 10 largest concentrations of Puerto Ricans. other … The U.S. Supreme Court in the case United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 649 (1898) declared that all nonwhites who were born in the United States were eligible for citizenship via the Citizenship Clause of the 14th Amendment. As of N/A, N/A% of Puerto Rico residents were born outside of the country (N/A people). Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. Urban Population Puerto Rico Urban vs. As of 2019, the population was 3,654,474, giving it a population density of 1,040 people per square mile (401 people per square kilometer), which ranks 24th in the world in this regard.

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