This has created a need for the Africanis to have both for space itself and humans for companionship. This finding supports archaeological evidence that the endemic AfriCanis breed was introduced from the Middle East into Africa thousands of years ago, and not through later western influences". By 300 AD the Bantu peoples with domesticated dogs had migrated from the Great Lakes regions and reached modern KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa where they were later acquired by indigenous San hunter-gatherers and Khoi pastoralists. An attempt to develop a standardized breed, named AfriCanis, from Africanis foundation stock is underway by the Kennel Union of Southern Africa. Comparison between Africanis Dog and Airedale Terrier Dog. It stands for 'dog of Africa' and refers to the subequatorial native African dogs, namely the aboriginal dogs which for centuries have been an integral part of the life of the Bantu â¦ The Africanis has a low to the average risk for obesity. Africanis. Their hunting instincts and loyalty to their master and his property make them natural guard dogs without being overly aggressive. Africanis dogs are not typically finicky eaters. This again goes back to its evolution, in that a prominent physical characteristic that serves it well in one region may be of less use in another. This is a dog that through the centuries has roamed freely close to humans in and around rural settlements. "For centuries, the fittest and cleverest dogs survived to give us one of the rare remaining natural dog races in the world.". Sometimes wrongly attributed to starvation; the naturally slender build of an animal and slightly visible ribs are a normal condition of dogs in good health. Believed to have descended from the hounds and pariah dogs of ancient africa, this breed is still found today in tribal areas where people have maintained their traditional lifestyle. Ironically the Africanis, a breed that has been around for centuries is recognized today by the the Kennel Union of Southern Africa (KUSA) as an emerging breed. The current median price for all Africanis sold is $0.00. Good with kids and very social. These dogs have been called African Hunting dogs for a long time. Fairly healthy breed. Independent. Although the purity of the breed is sometimes contested by individuals purporting a theory that dogs brought by the Arab trade, Eastern seafarers, and Portuguese explorers might have "contaminated" the traditional African dog over the years. Physically, Africanis puppies grow rapidly in height and length for the first 6-8 months (often with a major growth spurt at about 5-7 months), then those growth rates slow somewhat while the adolescent "fills out" by gaining muscle mass and fat; an Africanis is usually at or near its full adult size (an average of 22 inches at the shoulders in height and 75 pounds in weight) at 12-14 months of age. A Guide to Body Condition Scoring in Dogs â Work out your dogâs body condition score, an easy and accurate way to determine if you dog is a healthy weight. Africanis is a landrace of South African dogs which is believed to be ancient in origin and a direct descended from the hounds and pariah dogs that belong to the ancient Africa. I have called this principle, by which each slight variation, if useful, is preserved, by the term Natural Selection. For the most part the Africanis is a medium sized; muscularly build slender dog with a short coat, which comes in a variety of colors to include brown, black, brindle, white and most everything in between. This natural evolution has made this dog very resistant to disease. Due to its survival of the fittest evolution, the Africanis is one of the healthiest breeds of dog known. Hundreds of years of evolution and genetic diversity have helped develop a breed that is free from the congenital defects found in today’s purebred dogs; it’s immune system has even developed so far as to help resist internal and external parasites. Unlike most dog breeds, whose appearance and disposition were intentionally modified by man, and are currently bred to fit within the sometimes absurd breed standards of the Kennel Clubs, the Africanis naturally evolved to survive in the often harsh conditions of Africa all on its own. Weight: 10 â 16 kg This dog is a small-sized dog with a slender build. The short, non-dense coat requires brushing once a week and bath every two weeks. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and shampoo only when necessary. Weekly brushing and monthly shampoos should be sufficient to keep the coat in good shape. What makes the Africanis unique is that the dog was shaped by natural, not human, selection. Loose hair can be removed by wiping over with a warm, damp washcloth. Height: 20-24 inches (50-60 cm) Weight: 55-100 inches (25-45 kg) Colors: Black. They are medium sized dogs who are friendly, but also independent and territorial. In fact, its African heritage goes back 7000 years. The smooth, shorthaired, hard coat is easy to groom. History: The Africanis is the original dog of Africa, a unique type shaped through the process of natural selection, not by human intervention or standardized breeding practices. Essentially, it is any dog that isnât part of a breed that has an indigenous origin in southern Africa. Guided by its instinct of subservience it will steal your heart before you realise it,” Gallant says. Description "Africanis" is an umbrella name for all the aboriginal dogs in Southern Africa. The average Africanis weights 25-45 kg, with a height of 50-60cm, while females are slightly smaller. As Gallant pointed out: Also unlike Western breeds, the Africanis does not have a rigidly uniform appearance, although Gallant and â¦ All Rights Reserved. How easy to gain weight for this dog? The above research leads us to Egypt around 4500 BC. Most tend to appear more long than tall; a possible adaptation for speed, these dogs tend be active and may or may not have a taller ridge of hair down the center of the back. Adopt a Africanis from a shelter near Redmond,WA. This makes the Africanis breed one of only a handful of natural aboriginal dog breeds still left in the world. Recently recognized by the Kennel Union of South Africa (KUSA) as an emerging breed, the Africanis is the native dog of Africa. Ask an expert. The AfriCanis as a primitive hound is guided by the instinct of subservience, the very drive that made its distant ancestors prime candidates for domestication. In profile when sitting is very much like the dogs in Egyptian hieroglyphics. Africanis. Size and Weight â An Africanis stands at almost 20-24 inches in height and can weigh anywhere between 25 to 45 kgsâ¦ In the present day, these crosses between Africanis and Greyhound are called Ibhanzi and not considered to be a traditional dog. The ridgeback types have been associated with a dermoid sinus and therefore breeding of ridgebacks is not encouraged. The Africanis can come in any color. Some may have a ridge down it's back that is called the ridgeback type. Make sure any yard in which they can run loose has a fence high enough to prevent its determined efforts to escape and explore if the area is unsafe. From this point dogs spread rapidly into Sudan and beyond through trade, migrations, and the seasonal movement of people with their livestock, which took them into the Sahara and Sahel. "It is part of the cultural and biological heritage of Africa." The appearance of the breed tends to differ from region to region, with some dogs being taller, some shorter, some thicker, some leaner etc. The Africanis should be protected from the cold. The coat is short, hard and thick or can come in a rare wire haired type. compare height, weight, life span, litter size and more The Africanis is a landrace of dog endemic to Sub-Equatorial Africa. They are a typical Terrier-type dog, with fine-tuned senses, bat-like ears, sharp eyesight, and are extremely agile. However there is not enough evidence to support this and any exotic canine influences more than likely came after the colonization of Transkei and Zululand by foreign settlers during the 19th century. Africanis vs Airedale Terrier. African Dog, Bantu Dog, Hottentot Hunting Dog, Khoikhoi Dog, Zulu Dog, Umbwa Wa Ki-Shenzi, Copyright © 2014, EasyPetMD Inc. All Rights Reserved. The average Africanis weights 25-45 kg, with a height of 50-60cm, while females are slightly smaller. These dogs have short durable coats that are fond in a wide range of colors with or without the tabby markings. Unlike Western dog breeds, whose appearance and disposition have been determined by the human standards of the Kennel Clubs, the Africanis evolved to survive in the often harsh conditions of Africa. It was probably during the popular dog races of the time that the migrants first encountered the Greyhound. "Africanis is well disposed without being obtrusive: a friendly dog, showing watchful territorial behavior. 24â45 kgs (55-100 lbs) Height. The Africanis dog is a recently acknowledged landrace of canine that developed naturally in South Africa. In 650 AD we find dogs in the lower Tugela valley, and around 800 AD in the Khoisan settlement of modern day Cape St Francis, which indicates that there was contact and trade between the Bantu and Khoisan people. "This is a very good example of what has now been recognized as a breed indigenous to Africa and particularly southern Africa. They can are good pets for training, but it requires persistent work. The AfriCanis displays unspoiled social canine behaviour with a high level of facial expressions and body language towards congeners and humans. It is the native migrant laborers who lived outside of the cities but worked inside of them that are primarily responsible for the post 19th century breed contamination of the Africanis. Gallant and Sithole spent years studying and photographing these remarkable animals near homesteads while roaming the KwaZulu-Natal. However, you should take care of the Sloughi health, because this breed tends to develop certain autoimmune disorders, such as bowel syndrome and progressive retinal atrophy. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. In Swahili the name for the breed is 'umbwa wa ki-shenzi' meaning common or mongrel or "traditional dog". Very loyal and courageous, medium size to big (25 to 45 kg) tremendous stamina, very playful and intelligent. Short, hard, thick coat; possible wire-haired variations. - Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species. Males: Aproximately 23-27 inches, 50-65lbs . 20â24 inches (50â60 cms) Life Expectancy. (Regarding the ridged back, according to the Africanis Society of South Africa: A ridge of varying form can exceptionally be seen on the back. The most accurate description would probably be an ambiguous one in that; the Africanis in appearance looks like a dog that is ideally suited to the climate and terrain of Africa. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. This breed reaches a height of around 50 to 60cm in adulthood, and a weight of roughly 25 to 45kg.
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