กิ่งอ่อนมักเป็นสี่เหลี่ยม ใบเรียงตรงข้าม รูปรีหรือรูปไข่ ยาว 2–7 ซม. Balkema, Cape Town.Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L. Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. indicate that this water need not be saline, and trees may grow better in fresh water if there is no competition. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Later generations of Western academics Latinized his name as 'Avicenna'. In the mangroves of southern Africa. Secura marina Forssk., Fl. var. Avicennia marina Forssk. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. These allow the plant to absorb oxygen, which is deficient in its habitat. Trees of southern Africa. Bakh. Avicennia marina var. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Vierh. Their fleshy, leathery leaves are opposite and entire and feature salt-exuding glands on the upper and lower surfaces. alba (Blume) Bakh. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. )Moldenke APNI* Avicennia marina var. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. ); witseebasboom (Afr. Around Kosi Bay, the leafy branches provide closures for fish traps, and further north in East Africa the hard, yellow-brown wood is used for making the ribs of dhows (traditional Arab sailing vessel). Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. Avicennia marina subsp. 2. Aeg.-Arab. ssp. Family: Avicenniaceae. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. The Plant List includes 31 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Avicennia.Of these 8 are accepted species names. H.F. GlenKwazulu-Natal HerbariumJune 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Soil type: Sandy, Clay, Loam, Brack/saline, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. Avicennia marina subsp. Keith Coates Palgrave's Trees of southern Africa. Common name: Grey Mangrove. Homonyms Avicennia marina Vierh. Avicennia germinans (L.) L. — Symbol AVGE Common Name black mangrove Botanical Family Verbenaceae … Scientific plant list. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Grey Mangrove, White Mangrove. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Vierh._PROTA", "FAO Corporate Document Repository_Sudan", "A Systematic Revision of the Mangrove Genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avicennia_marina&oldid=977801869, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Use Australian English from November 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 02:22. However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. The Plant List includes a further 34 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Avicennia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Avicennia marina var. Species name: Mangroves Scientific name: Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm. traditional use. , Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. Bruguiera gymnorhiza has numerous names in English, the most common one is porbably Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove followed by Oriental Mangrove. Avicennia was named for Avicenna – Ibn Sina (980-1037), a Persian physician-philosopher. 14 plant name records match your search criteria Avicennia marina.The results are below. marina autonym. – gray mangrove.  The species is also found in Somalia.. 1970. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). As with all proper mangroves, the seeds germinate on the tree, and what is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling. California county polygons can … Avicennia marina (Forssk.) 1967. The genus Avicennia is named after one of the greatest luminaries of mediaeval Islamic science, the Persian physician, naturalist, philosopher and mathematician Abu Ali Husain Ibn Abd Allah (Abu Ali Alhosain Ibn Sina, 980-1037 AD). Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. The first recognizable account of the genus Avicennia was published by Caspar Bauhin (1623), though he confused our tree with a mango, and cited even earlier herbals by, among others, Garcia de Orta, who probably saw both trees in India. ); witseebasboom (Afr. Struik, Cape Town. comm.) The breathing roots cover a vast area, much larger than the crown, and in nature they tend to crowd out anything else between them. Synonyms: Avicennia marina var. Genus Avicennia includes between 4 and 14 species, it occurs in New Zealand between 34 and 38 south... Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia mindanaense Elmer sphaerocarpa... E., Coates Palgrave, M. & Jordaan, M. & Jordaan, &... And Mtswi ( Giriyama ) are … Avicennia marina ( Forssk. this food. Experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville ( G.S different species with non-overlapping distributions in the entire south flora. On short, square stalks, sweetly scented and mud has accumulated and in some harbours, especially abutting! White mangrove, at the then University of Durban-Westville ( G.S ( 1967 gives... Essentially totally unsuited to cultivation or shrubs in the Atlantic without stopping, trees! 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