Rome considered Carthage a threat to its allies in southern Italy and to the supply of grain in the island of Sicily. You can view samples of our professional work here. The Romans, after a brutal struggle, emerged victoriously and gained possession of the island. How did the aftermath of the Punic Wars affect the city of Rome itself? The First Punic War broke out in Sicily in 264 BC as a result of Rome's expansionary attitude combined with Carthage's proprietary approach to the island. The whole island with the exception of the independent Syracuse was governed by a praetor sent from Rome. The Punic Wars were a series of three wars between 264 and 146 BC fought by the states of Rome and Carthage. (4 points) Group of answer choices A. Rome's navy no longer had enough ships to control the Mediterranean Sea. Hannibal was a military genius, who had greatly expanded the Punic Empire in Iberia and invaded Italy after traversing the Alps. 5. During the Punic War era, the extent of Roman Imperialism was founded on the basis of making the world as one. B. Certain people are calling for reforms while others remain adamantly opposed to any type of reform or change. This system allowed Rome to obtain important grain from Sicily as well as profits from the tributes and natural resources they obtained. asked by help plzz on May 1, 2014; World History. Correct answers: 2 question: What effect did the Punic Wars have on Rome's military development? In 242 Rome resumed operations at sea. The Punic Wars had a number of important impacts to the Roman society and politics. The Roman economy was stimulated by the increase in profits as a result of its new prosperous land. EXAMPLES OF ROMAN REPUBLIC POWER Controlled all of the Italian peninsula by 275 B.C Conquered territories owed Rome annual taxes and men for the military when Rome went to war Some changes that occurred included a shift in political influence and wealth to the senatorial class, peasant community dynamics were changing with many moving to the cities, while work and food became scarcer. The Punic Wars provided Rome with the training, the navy, and the wealth to expand from a small city to an empire which would rule the known world. This left Rome free to land a force on Corsica (259) and expel the Carthaginians but did not suffice to loosen their grasp on Sicily. The besiegers met with a gallant resistance and in 249 were compelled to withdraw by the loss of their fleet in a surprise attack upon Drepanum, in which the admiral Publius Claudius Pulcher was repulsed with a loss of 93 ships. Ercte (247–244) and Mt. The long-term economic effect of the Punic Wars on Rome was: The conquests brought great power and wealth to the Romans. tyonnbrunnertyonnbrunner. A famous line concerning Rome was that it would usually lose the first battle, but always win the last. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Operations began with a joint attack upon Messana, which the Romans easily repelled. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. History The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Roman Republic and Carthage, the last one ending in 146 BCE with the defeat of Carthage. A Roman war galley with infantry on deck; in the Vatican Museums. Prior to the Punic Wars, Carthage controlled islands in the Mediterranean Sea, including most of Sicily making it able to control trade throughout the Med. Carthage was reduced to a mere client state of Rome and its navy was reduced to just ten ships and they were forbidden from raising an army without the permission of Rome. The long lasting result of this war is the destruction of the Carthage itself. The Carthaginian council upheld Hannibal’s action and drew upon itself a declaration of war. their victory in the Punic Wars. Updates? To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the UKDiss.com website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. This victory was followed by an investment of the chief Punic base at Lilybaeum (Marsala), together with Drepanum (Trapani), by land and sea. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. To avoid complete humiliation Carthage had no resource but to humiliate its adversary. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. By this arrangement Sicily became known as a province which became a term for any conquered territory outside mainland Italy. From this stemmed a new social climate that emerged after the many years of warfare. The wars against Carthage changed Rome. At the time, they were probably the largest wars that had ever taken place, much like today's World Wars. From this episode it became clear that Rome intended to use the victory to the utmost. Before the Second Punic War slaves were employed on a relatively small scale. The attendant new obligation to safeguard the peninsula against foreign interference made it necessary not to allow the neighbouring island of Sicily to fall into the hands of a strong and expansive power. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. The Romans were able to find another source of grain, from Egypt, at three times the normal price. After the Second Punic War, Rome established itself as the most powerful nation in the Mediterranean. The Senate gained increased prestige, greater wealth, and more influence in Roman government. The Mamertini, a band of Campanian mercenaries, had forcibly established themselves within the town and were being hard pressed in 264 by Hieron II of Syracuse. He sought to compensate for the loss of Sicily by acquiring a dominion in Spain where Carthage might gain new wealth and form a fresh base of operations against Rome. In the Second Punic War, Hannibal marched his army up and around the Iberian … The two powers in these wars were Rome and Carthage. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? The Roman army grew in size and became dominant in the Mediterranean region. The wealthy benefited, with their lifestyles becoming more luxurious through the Roman cultural exposure to Greek influence. At the same time, the Carthaginians, who felt no less severely the financial strain of the prolonged struggle, reduced their forces and made no attempt to deliver a counterattack. A dispute between the cities of Syracuse and … Answer: A result of the first Punic War and the Romans was the decisive naval victory against the Carthaginians at the Aegate Islands. In 263 the Romans advanced with a considerable force into Hieron’s territory and induced him to seek peace and alliance with them. Explanation: thank you :) Thank you bldq bldq Answer: I thinks it's D Rome gained new soldiers . These three wars took place between 264 and 146 B.C. The years 264 to 146 BC, would transform Rome from a young Republic to a powerful Empire. These wars involved the Romans and Carthaginians. Sea. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Expert Answer . 3. In 219 Hannibal laid siege to Saguntum and carried the town in spite of a stubborn defense. The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage. The Punic Wars were made of three major wars. Rome emerged as the pre-eminent power in the Mediterranean and Carthage lay in ruin for over one hundred years until it was finally re-built following the death of Julius Caesar. The temper of the Roman people was soon made manifest during a conflict which broke out between the Carthaginians and their discontented mercenaries. The Punic Wars were a struggle for domination of the Western Mediterranean between Carthage and Rome. Punic Wars, also called Carthaginian Wars, (264–146 bce), a series of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire, resulting in the destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean… This was due to the way in which Rome conducted its peace arrangements with its defeated states and the strength of its republican institutions. This aggression provoked war with Carthage and Syracuse. This victory, by giving the Romans undisputed command of the sea, rendered certain the ultimate fall of the Punic strongholds in Sicily. The most prominent figure of the Punic war s was General Hannibal of Pheonician Carhtage. Discuss the problems in the Roman Empire after the Punic Wars. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. from 264 BC to 146 BC. You may have heard of D-Day, the Battle of Hastings, and Waterloo, but do you know their historical significance? 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